The Importance of Choosing the Right Lighting for Your Home

Lighting is often overlooked when it comes to interior design. However, it plays a crucial role in creating a warm and inviting atmosphere in our homes. Residential lighting design can transform the look and feel of any room by adding depth and character to the space. Here are some things to consider when choosing the right lighting for your home.

Natural Light

Before you begin looking at lighting fixtures, consider the natural light in your home. The amount of natural light a room receives can dictate the type and style of lighting you choose. Rooms with large windows and lots of sunlight will require less artificial lighting. In contrast, rooms with small windows or minimal light may need additional lighting to make up for the lack of natural light.


Your lighting choices should be based on the room’s functionality. For example, the lighting needs for a kitchen will differ from a bedroom or living room. Task lighting is important in areas where you need to see clearly, such as in the kitchen when cooking or in a home office when working. On the other hand, a cozy living room may require more ambient lighting to create a relaxing environment.


Layering your lighting is essential in residential lighting design. This means combining different types of lighting, such as ambient, accent, and task lighting, to create balance and depth. Ambient lighting provides overall illumination, such as ceiling fixtures and floor lamps. Accent lighting highlights specific features, such as artwork or architectural details. Task lighting serves a specific purpose, such as reading, cooking, or working.

Color Temperature

The color temperature of the lighting in your home can have a significant impact on the mood and ambiance of a room. Warm lighting, with a yellow or orange hue, creates a cozy and relaxing atmosphere. This type of lighting is ideal for living spaces and bedrooms. In contrast, cool lighting, with a bluish-white hue, is more energizing and suitable for task-oriented spaces such as kitchens or home offices.


A dimmer switch is often overlooked but can be a game-changer in residential lighting design. Installing dimmer switches allows you to adjust the brightness of your lighting fixtures, creating a more customized atmosphere. This can be particularly useful in the evenings when you may want to create a more relaxed environment in your home.

Lighting Fixtures

The style of your lighting fixtures should match the overall design aesthetic of your home. Choosing fixtures that complement your decor can help elevate the overall look of the space. However, functionality should always be the priority. For example, a statement light fixture may look great in a room, but it needs to provide adequate lighting for the space as well.


Consider the maintenance required for the lighting fixtures you choose. Some fixtures require more upkeep than others, such as intricate chandeliers or pendant lights with multiple bulbs. Make sure to choose fixtures that are easy to clean and maintain to simplify your life.

Residential lighting design is an essential element of any home’s interior design. When choosing the right lighting for your home, consider natural light, functionality, layering, color temperature, dimmers, lighting fixtures, and maintenance. By keeping these factors in mind, you can create a warm and inviting environment that suits your needs and style.

Light up Your Home: Tips for Effective Residential Lighting Design

Your home is more than four walls and a roof; it’s a sanctuary where you can unwind and relax after a long day. A crucial aspect of creating a comfortable and inviting living space is by investing in quality lighting. Residential lighting design has evolved beyond just ensuring basic illumination, and today it plays an essential role in home architecture and decor.

Lighting is now an integral aspect of any home interior design. Effective residential lighting design elevates the ambiance and elevates the mood of a room. The right lighting can make a small space feel more substantial or create a cozy atmosphere in a large area. Whatever your requirement is, these tips will guide you to create the perfect residential lighting design:

Layer your Lighting:

For the best results, use a combination of ambient, task, and accent lighting. Ambient or general lighting illuminates the entire room and ensures adequate visibility. Task lighting is ideal for specific activities, such as reading or cooking, while accent lighting adds depth and highlights focal points in the room. A mix of all three creates a cohesive and comfortable environment.

Choose the Right Color Temperature:

Lighting color temperature is measured in Kelvin K and falls under three primary categories: warm, neutral, and cool. For residential use, consider warm colors ranging between 2700K Ð 3000K. These colors create a cozy ambiance and mimic the warmth of natural sunlight.

Consider the Height:

Light fixture height matters in designing your residential lighting. Consider the height of the ceiling, furniture, and how tall you are when placing light fixtures. The wrong height can create an unwelcoming glare or not provide optimal lighting.

The Rule of Three:

An essential part of residential lighting design is balancing the light distribution in the room. Use the “rule of three” Ð or three light sources for a space Ð to avoid under-lighting or over-lighting a room.

Embrace Dimmers:

Dimmers are an inexpensive addition to any residential lighting design project. They allow you to adjust the light fixture’s light intensity and can create a cozy ambiance or provide a brighter light for task areas.

Natural Light:

Utilize natural light during the day by keeping windows clear and free from obstructions. You can also use window coverings to control the amount of natural light in the space. This is not only energy-efficient but also provides for a healthier and brighter living space.

LED Lighting:

LED Lighting is an outstanding option for residential lighting design. They offer a low heat output and are energy efficient, which will save you money in the long run. With various color temperatures, they can replace any traditional lighting fixture in your home.

Residential lighting design plays a significant role in home architecture and decor. The key to designing a functional and comfortable living space is to create a balanced atmosphere with layered lighting, warm tones, optimal heights, and the appropriate number of light fixtures. The right residential lighting design creates mood and ambiance, which improves well-being by enhancing mood and energy levels. Embrace these tips, and your home could not only be a beautiful but an inviting oasis.

Light Up Your Home: Tips for Mastering Residential Lighting Design

Creating a well-designed home can be a daunting task. However, with the right knowledge of residential lighting design, you can transform your home into a welcoming and comfortable space. Proper lighting can impact the atmosphere, mood, and functionality of your home. Here are some tips on how to master residential lighting design.

Firstly, creating layers of light can make a significant difference in the overall look and feel of your home. You can achieve this by layering different types of lighting to create a balanced and well-lit space. Three primary layers of lighting to consider are ambient lighting, task lighting, and accent lighting.

Ambient lighting provides a general level of light for an entire room and is often a starting point for designing your lighting plan. It can be accomplished through the use of overhead lights, recessed lighting, and chandeliers. Task lighting focuses on specific areas for performing a task, such as reading, cooking, or working on a computer. Examples of task lighting fixtures include desk lamps, under-cabinet lighting, and vanity lights.

Accent lighting is used to create visual interest and drama in a room by highlighting artwork, architectural features, or adding a warm glow to an area. Accent lighting fixtures include track lighting, wall sconces, and table lamps. By combining these three types of lighting, you can create comfortable and functional spaces throughout your home.

Secondly, it’s important to consider the color temperature of the lighting you choose. Color temperature is measured in Kelvin and ranges from warm to cool. The lower the Kelvin number, the warmer and more yellow the light; the higher the number, the cooler and bluer the light. A warm light source can create a cozy and inviting atmosphere, while a cool light source can increase productivity and is often found in task lighting.

Thirdly, consider the size and scale of lighting fixtures in relation to the room they are in. Too small, and a fixture can look out of place, but too large, and it can overwhelm a room. Therefore, it’s important to take into account the scale of the room and any other elements in the room, such as furniture and decor.

Fourthly, be mindful of the type of light bulbs being used in your fixtures. LED bulbs are an excellent option due to their long lifespan and energy efficiency. They are available in a wide variety of colors and are highly customizable. CFL bulbs are a great alternative as well, but their light can be harsh and unflattering, so be sure to choose the right color temperature for your space.

Finally, when designing your residential lighting, don’t forget about natural light sources such as windows and skylights. Natural light can have a significant impact on the mood and atmosphere of a room. It also reduces the need for artificial light during the day, ultimately saving you money on your electricity bill.

A well-lit home can have a profound impact on the overall mood and functionality of a space. By creating layers of light, paying attention to color temperature, size and scale, and using energy-efficient light bulbs, you can create a warm and inviting environment in your home. Don’t forget the power of natural light sources as well. Remember that residential lighting design isn’t just about functionality, but also about creating a beautiful and comfortable space that you’re proud to call home.

Designing the Perfect Lighting for Your Home

Have you ever walked into a room and instantly felt at ease, as if the space was specifically designed to make you feel comfortable? If so, chances are the residential lighting design played a significant role in creating that ambiance. Lighting design is not just about illuminating a space; it is about creating an atmosphere that suits the purpose of the room and enhances its overall aesthetic appeal. In this article, we will explore the key elements of residential lighting design and how to create the perfect balance of light for every room in your home.

Understanding the Basics

Residential lighting design is the art of planning and arranging lighting fixtures to achieve both functional and aesthetic goals. It involves considering factors such as the size and layout of the room, the color scheme, natural light sources, and the intended use of the space. When designing the lighting for your home, it is important to have a good understanding of these basics.

Types of Lighting

There are three primary types of lighting used in residential lighting design: ambient, task, and accent. Ambient lighting provides overall illumination and creates a comfortable and inviting atmosphere. It is usually achieved through ceiling-mounted fixtures, wall sconces, or track lighting. Task lighting, on the other hand, focuses on specific activities and provides direct light where it is needed. Examples include desk lamps, kitchen under-cabinet lighting, and reading lights. Accent lighting, as the name suggests, is used to highlight certain features or objects in a room, such as artwork or architectural details. Spotlights, picture lights, and track lighting with adjustable heads are commonly used for this purpose.

Layered Lighting

To achieve the best results, a combination of these three types of lighting is often used in residential lighting design. This technique, known as layered lighting, involves creating different levels of light within a space to meet various needs. For example, in a living room, you may have an overhead fixture for ambient lighting, table lamps for task lighting near seating areas, and wall sconces or recessed lighting to highlight artwork or architectural elements. By combining these different types of lighting, you can create a warm and inviting atmosphere while ensuring functional illumination for different activities.

Selecting the Right Fixtures

Choosing the right lighting fixtures is essential in residential lighting design. When selecting fixtures, consider the style and theme of your home and the specific needs of each room. For example, in a traditional-themed living room, you might opt for chandeliers or classic wall sconces to add elegance and charm. In a modern kitchen, sleek and minimalist fixtures can enhance the contemporary aesthetic. Additionally, consider the brightness and color temperature of the bulbs you use. Use warmer color temperatures in living spaces for a cozy and inviting feel, while cooler temperatures work well in task-oriented areas like the kitchen.

Maximizing Natural Light

Let’s not forget about the importance of natural light in residential lighting design. Utilizing natural light not only reduces energy consumption but also provides a sense of connection to the outdoors. Strategically placed windows, skylights, and glass doors can help bring in natural light during the day. To make the most of natural light, consider the orientation of your home and position windows accordingly. Using light-colored window treatments can also help diffuse natural light while maintaining privacy.

Residential lighting design is a vital element in creating a comfortable and visually appealing home. By understanding the basics, incorporating different types of lighting, selecting the right fixtures, and maximizing natural light, you can transform your living spaces into welcoming and functional areas for all your activities. So, next time you walk into a well-lit room that captivates your senses, take a moment to appreciate the artistry of residential lighting design and its ability to transform a house into a home.

Illuminating Spaces: Essential Tips for Residential Lighting Design

Lighting is an essential component in residential design. The right kind of lighting in a space can brighten up the area, enhance its ambiance and even make it seem larger. Poor lighting, on the other hand, can be uninviting and create shadows that make a room look cramped and unappealing.

When it comes to residential lighting design, there are several factors that need to be kept in mind to achieve the perfect balance of style and functionality. In this article, we’ll discuss some key considerations in lighting design that will help you to create a welcoming and comfortable environment in your home.

The first thing to consider when planning residential lighting design is the purpose of each room. Different activities require different types of lighting. For example, in a kitchen, where you may be doing a lot of food preparation, you will need bright task lighting over the counters and stove. In contrast, in a bedroom, you may want softer, dimmable lighting that creates a relaxing atmosphere.

Another factor to keep in mind is the color temperature of the lights. The color temperature will affect the mood and atmosphere of a room. For instance, warm yellow or orange light creates a cozy, intimate atmosphere, whereas cool white or blue light can feel clinical and impersonal.

Natural light is also a key factor in residential lighting design. Large windows and skylights can brighten up a room and reduce the need for artificial light during daylight hours. When designing your lighting, consider the orientation of each room and the amount of natural light it receives throughout the day.

In addition to purpose, color temperature, and natural light, it’s important to consider the placement of light fixtures. The fixtures should be arranged in a way that creates a balanced and visually appealing look. Task lighting, such as under-cabinet lighting, should be placed so that it illuminates the work surface without casting shadows or glare.

An often-overlooked aspect of residential lighting design is the use of accent lighting. Accent lighting can be used to highlight artwork, architecture, or other features in a room. This type of lighting can create a sense of drama or intrigue in a space and add to the overall atmosphere.

Finally, consider the energy efficiency of your lighting choices. LED lights are an excellent choice for residential lighting design because they consume less energy and have a longer lifespan than traditional incandescent bulbs. They are also available in a range of colors and are highly adaptable to different lighting needs.

When all these factors are taken into account, you will have a well-lit room that is both versatile and inviting. Remember to experiment with different types of lighting until you find the perfect balance that suits your personal style and needs.

Residential lighting design is a crucial aspect of any home’s interior design. Whether you are renovating or building a new home, make sure to put some thought into your lighting choices. Consider the purpose of each room, the color temperature of the lights, natural light sources, fixture placement, accent lighting, and energy efficiency. By keeping these factors in mind, you will be on your way to creating a beautiful and functional lighting design that will enhance your home’s overall ambiance.

Let there be Light: Creating a Cozy Home with Residential Lighting Design

Lighting is one of the most crucial elements of interior design. A well-planned residential lighting design can enhance the aesthetic appeal and functionality of a space. The right lighting can create a cozy atmosphere and transform your home into a warm and welcoming abode.

The Basics of Residential Lighting Design

Residential lighting design is the process of planning lighting systems for living spaces. It involves selecting appropriate fixtures, bulbs, and lighting schemes to meet the specific needs of a home. There are three main types of residential lighting: ambient, accent, and task lighting.

Ambient lighting provides overall illumination that allows you to see and move around a room. It can be achieved through ceiling-mounted light fixtures, chandeliers, floor lamps, or wall sconces. Ambient lighting is essential to create a comfortable and inviting atmosphere in a home.

Accent lighting emphasizes particular objects or features in a room. It can bring attention to artwork, sculptures, or architectural details. Accent lighting can be achieved through track lighting, spotlights, or directional lights.

Task lighting provides specific illumination for particular activities such as reading, cooking, or grooming. It can be achieved through desk lamps, under-cabinet lighting, or vanity lights. Task lighting is essential for performing specific tasks and activities.

Layering Residential Lighting Design

Layering is a fundamental concept in residential lighting design. Layering refers to the use of different types of lighting to create a visually appealing and functional space. A well-lit room should have a combination of ambient, accent, and task lighting to create the desired effect.

To achieve a well-layered lighting design, start by selecting the main lighting source, such as an overhead fixture. Then, add accent lighting to highlight specific features or objects in the room. Finally, incorporate task lighting to provide practical illumination for activities.

Lighting Fixtures for Residential Lighting Design

Fixture style and placement are crucial aspects of residential lighting design. The type and placement of fixtures can determine the mood and ambiance of a room. Here are some popular fixture types for residential lighting design:

Chandeliers: Provide ambient lighting and add a decorative element to a room. They are commonly used in dining areas, entryways, or living rooms.

Pendant Lights: A versatile fixture that can be used for ambient or task lighting. They are ideal for illuminating kitchen islands, dining tables, or reading nooks.

Ceiling Fixtures: Provide overall ambient lighting for a room. They can be used in hallways, foyers, or bedrooms.

Table Lamps: Provide ambient and task lighting. They are ideal for bedside tables or living room side tables.

Floor Lamps: Provide ambient and task lighting. They are ideal for reading nooks or complementing overhead lighting.

Wall Sconces: Provide ambient or accent lighting. They can be used in hallways, bedrooms, or bathrooms.

Residential lighting design is a crucial element to consider when designing a cozy home. With the right combination of ambient, accent, and task lighting, you can create a comfortable and inviting atmosphere in any room. Remember to layer your lighting and choose the appropriate fixtures to achieve your desired mood. By doing so, you can transform your home into a warm and welcoming sanctuary.

Bright Ideas: Designing the Perfect Illumination for Your Home

Lighting plays an important role in our daily lives. It helps us see things clearly and creates a welcoming atmosphere in our homes. But not all lighting is created equal. Each room in a house requires different types of lighting, and each light fixture must be chosen carefully to match the room’s functionality and your personal taste.

Residential lighting design is the art of lighting your home in a way that enhances its beauty and functionality. If done correctly, it can create an ambiance that welcomes you home after a long day at work and helps you unwind. But, how do you begin designing the perfect illumination for your home? Let’s take a closer look.

First, consider the function of the room. The lighting design for a bedroom, for example, will be very different from that of a kitchen or living room. In a bedroom, a warm, dim light can create a relaxing atmosphere, whereas a kitchen requires bright, task-oriented light, so you can see what you’re doing when you’re cutting vegetables or washing dishes.

Second, think about the size of the room. A small room needs less light than a larger room, but it should still have enough light to create a comfortable atmosphere. Similarly, rooms with lower ceilings need less light, while rooms with high or vaulted ceilings will require more light to ensure that the entire space is well-lit.

Third, choose the right light fixtures for each room. Chandeliers are great for a grand entrance or formal dining room, but for a more relaxed and cozy atmosphere, wall sconces or table lamps work well.

Fourth, pay attention to the color of the light. This is often measured in Kelvin, and the higher the Kelvin rating, the whiter and cooler the light. If you want a warm, cozy feeling in your home, choose bulbs with a low Kelvin rating, and if you want a bright, crisp feeling, choose bulbs with a high Kelvin rating.

Lastly, don’t forget about energy efficiency. LED bulbs are a smart choice for your home because they are long-lasting and energy-efficient. Look for fixtures that are labeled “Energy Star” to maximize your energy savings.

Now that you have some ideas on how to design the perfect illumination for your home, let’s take a look at some real-life examples that take into account the above considerations.

For a bedroom, use a dimmable table lamp on your nightstand, and hang a pendant light with a warm glow above the bed for a cozy ambiance.

In a kitchen, use under-cabinet lighting to illuminate the countertops, and choose a pendant or track lighting fixture above your kitchen island or dining table to create a sense of depth and warmth.

For a living room, use floor lamps or table lamps to create a cozy reading nook, and add a chandelier or pendant light to create a good ambiance.

Remember, residential lighting design is not about picking a few light fixtures and calling it a day. It requires thought and consideration, and it must reflect your personal style and the functionality of the room. By following these tips and experimenting with different lighting options, you can create the perfect ambiance for your space.

Residential Lighting Design: A Guide For Homeowners

Lighting plays a major role in the overall atmosphere of any room, especially in residential spaces. Whether you’re looking for an inviting living room or a cozy bedroom, proper lighting design is essential to creating the perfect ambiance. With so many options available, choosing the right lighting fixtures and design elements can be overwhelming. Fortunately, there are some important tips and tricks to consider when it comes to residential lighting design.

First and foremost, it’s important to determine your needs when it comes to illumination. Consider what activities will take place in each space and how much light you need for them – this will help guide your decision-making process as you select fixtures. Take into account furniture placement and how much natural light is available in each area – this will also help ensure that you install appropriate levels of illumination throughout your home.

Once you have a better idea of what type of lighting is needed in each space, it’s time to start selecting fixtures that fit with the overall style of your home decor. Consider both form and function – do certain features offer additional functionality such as dimming controls or motion sensors? Do certain designs complement your existing aesthetic? Keep these considerations top-of-mind as you shop around for different options available on the market today.

When installing fixtures throughout your home, remember that layering different types of lights can create a more dynamic effect than relying on one source alone. Try combining ambient lights with task lights (such as table lamps) or accent lights (such as wall sconces) for maximum impact; this layering technique allows homeowners to adjust their illumination levels depending on their needs at any given time while still creating visual interest through thoughtful placement within any given space.

In addition to traditional installed fixtures like recessed ceiling cans or pendant lights, consider incorporating portable lamps into various areas within each room as well – these can be used both functionally but also aesthetically if chosen wisely! Choose styles that match existing decor elements such as furniture pieces or rugs; this helps give rooms a cohesive look while still adding extra layers of illumination where needed most without having to install permanent features throughout every space within the residence itself..

Finally, don’t forget about outdoor spaces! Installing outdoor light fixtures not only adds an extra layer of security but also offers homeowners great opportunities for entertaining during warm summer evenings; string up some colorful paper lanterns over patios or decks while installing motion sensor floodlights around entrances & exits offers guests optimal safety while they enjoy themselves outdoors too! Be sure not skimp out on quality when purchasing exterior lighting solutions either since they are typically exposed directly against harsh weather conditions like rain & snowfall which could cause premature breakdown over time if cheaper materials are used instead..

Overall, residential lighting design plays an integral role in crafting beautiful atmospheres inside & outside homes alike – following these tips should allow homeowners everywhere create their ideal looks without running into unnecessary roadblocks along the way!

Residential Lighting Design: 6 Tips For Getting It Right

Lighting is one of the most important aspects of any home. It can be used to create a cozy atmosphere, highlight your favorite features, or simply provide illumination. When it comes to residential lighting design, there are a few things you should keep in mind. In this blog post, we will discuss six tips for getting it right!

  1. Know Your Lighting Needs: When you’re designing your home lighting, it’s important to consider what kind of lighting you need and where you will be placing it. Are you focusing on task lighting or ambient lighting? Do you need up-lighting or down-lighting? Knowing these details can help guide the rest of your design decisions.
  2. Utilize Natural Light: Taking advantage of natural light is an easy way to bring more brightness into a room without having to resort to artificial sources. For example, strategic window placement can allow for plenty of natural light during the day and reduce the amount of electricity that needs to be used at night.
  3. Choose Dimmable Options: Dimmer switches are a great way to adjust the light in a room and create different lighting effects. Not only do dimmer switches help create ambiance, but they can also be used to save energy when you don’t need as much light.
  4. Choose the Right Bulbs: An important step in creating the perfect lighting scheme is choosing the right bulbs. Since there are so many options available today, it can be overwhelming to decide which ones are best for your needs. Consider factors like intensity, color temperature, and efficiency before making a decision.
  5. Balance Task Lighting with Ambient Lighting: To avoid creating an overly bright or dark environment in your home, it’s important to establish a balance between task and ambient lighting. This means including both overhead lights and task-specific lighting, like wall sconces, floor lamps, and table lamps.
  6. Layer Your Lighting: Layering your lighting can help create a more inviting atmosphere in your home. It’s best to combine multiple lighting sources at different heights for a warm, welcoming atmosphere that isn’t too bright or dim.

Lighting is an important element of home design and can play a major role in creating the perfect atmosphere for your home. With a bit of thought and planning, you can use lighting to create spaces that are cozy, inviting, and energy-efficient. With this guide, you’ll be able to create the perfect lighting set up for any room in your house. Residential lighting design.

Selecting A Residential Lighting Design

After selecting the type of lighting for your home, it is important to create a plan to combine all the different elements to achieve the desired effect. Consideration should be given to the size and shape of each room, as well as its purpose.

For example, task lighting can highlight areas such as kitchen countertops or desks while creating an inviting atmosphere with ambient lighting. If possible, incorporate natural light sources like windows and skylights into your design. Additionally, identify any dark corners in each space and ensure they are lit properly. Lastly, consider how you want the lights to interact with other design elements, such as mirrors and wall art.


When creating a residential lighting design, it is important to start with the overall layout of each room. This includes deciding where lights should be placed and how they will interact with other elements such as walls, furniture, and decor. Additionally, take into account the size and shape of each area, as well as its purpose, when determining the best placement for your lighting fixtures.

Task Lighting

Task lighting is designed to be used in areas that require more concentrated light for specific tasks such as reading or cooking. It can also highlight certain features in a room, such as artwork or architectural details. Consider placing task lighting near desks, workstations, or kitchen countertops and using dimmers to adjust the brightness.

Ambient Lighting

Ambient lighting is designed to create an inviting atmosphere in a room by providing a general illumination level. Many different types of ambient lighting fixtures, such as chandeliers, wall sconces, and ceiling fans, can be used to achieve the desired effect.

Natural Light Sources

Wherever possible, incorporate natural light sources into your residential lighting design. This can be done through windows, skylights, or even solar tubes and can provide both task and ambient lighting depending on the space’s requirements. Natural light also has the added benefit of being energy-efficient and cost-saving.

Dark Corners

A common issue with many residential lighting designs is dark corners, which can dull and uninvite a space. To address this issue, consider adding floor lamps or wall lights in the darkest corners of each room to provide more illumination.

Interaction with Other Design Elements

When creating your residential lighting design, it’s important to remember how your fixtures will interact with other elements, such as mirrors and wall art. For example, if you have a large mirror in a hallway, you may want to add recessed lighting behind it to create an even glow throughout the space. Additionally, consider using track lighting to highlight the pieces if you have artwork on the walls.


Creating a residential lighting design is not as difficult as it may seem. By considering the size and shape of each room, its purpose, task lighting requirements, ambient lighting needs, natural light sources, dark corners, and how your fixtures will interact with other design elements, you can create a beautiful and functional residential lighting design.