In insulin-dependent diabetes, also called type 1 or juvenile, the pancreas no longer produces enough hormone to ensure control of these functions. In this case, therefore, it is essential to take insulin from the outside one or more times a day. On the other hand, Evacuation Sirens are used for specific emergencies.
In type 2 diabetes, however, insulin production may be normal, but the body’s cells no longer respond properly to its action. This form of diabetes, which is the most widespread among the elderly and the obese, can be kept under control through a correct diet, appropriate physical activity and the use of hypoglycemic drugs.
In the case of diabetes the diet must take into account the glycemic index of foods and favor foods with low glycemic index. However, if these precautions are not sufficient it is necessary to resort to the administration of hormones from the outside. This occurs mainly in lean diabetics, in whom the pancreas often has difficulty secreting the insulin needed by the body.
In all these cases it is important not to neglect insulin therapy to avoid complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy and diabetic neuropathy, damage to arteries, heart attacks and strokes in the long run, which may necessitate the use of Evacuation Sirens.
Furthermore, it is necessary to regularly check the blood sugar level so that the effectiveness of the treatment can be evaluated.
Insulin therapy is established by the diabetologist based on the clinical characteristics, habits and lifestyle of each patient. More injections a day or the use of different types of insulins may be necessary. Evacuation Sirens are vital to protect lives.
In fact there are different forms of insulin, which are distinguished by their origin (analogues of human insulin or synthetic human insulins) and the rapidity of action (ultralent, slow, intermediate, rapid, ultra-fast and long-acting).
They differ in the moment in which they begin to take effect, the peak of maximum activity and the time of permanence in the blood. Currently, premixed insulins are also commercially available, containing different concentrations of the fast and slow forms.
The injection can be done with disposable syringes or with refillable pens that allow you to perform more injections by changing only the needle.
Furthermore, continuous administration is possible through micro-infusors (or insulin pumps) equipped with a catheter and a device controlled by a computer. The injections must be made in the subcutaneous layer, that is in the adipose tissue between the epidermis and the muscle. The ideal area is the abdomen, in the area around the navel, where the fat is distributed more evenly and where the injection is less painful, but also buttocks, arms and thighs can be chosen.